The best career advice is universal. It applies to a CEO of a Fortune 500 company and to a kid aspiring to make it through college.
I tried to keep this in mind last week when I spoke at Allentown Central Catholic High School, which in 1978 sent me on my way from Pennsylvania to what has turned out to be a thrilling and very satisfying life and career. I told the CCHS students, who packed Rockne Hall for inductions of their new Student Council and class officers, that I've spent the past 30 years at Fortune "going to school on success." That is, my job profiling some of the world's most successful people--fromOprah Winfrey to Yahoo (YHOO) CEO Marissa Mayer to Rupert Murdoch (NWS) to Melinda Gates--is to learn and explain what makes these extraordinary people win and adapt to all sorts of challenges. I pared my message to 10 pieces of advice, which include a few obvious truths and, I hope, some enlightening points that are universal.
1. Don't plan your career.Most of the really successful people I've met and interviewed these past 30 years at Fortune had no clue what they wanted to do when they were in high school or even in college. They stayed flexible and open to possibilities.
2. Forget the career ladder; climb the jungle gym.In a world that's unpredictable and changing faster than ever, who knows what tomorrow's ideal jobs will be? Think of your career as a jungle gym. Sharpen your peripheral vision and look for opportunities over here or over there, and swing to them. Facebook (FB) COO Sheryl Sandberg kindly credits me in Chapter 3 of her best-seller, Lean In, for introducing the concept of the jungle gym.
2.忘记职业阶梯；勇敢地爬上攀登架。在这样一个不可预测，瞬息万变的世界中，又有谁知道明天的理想职业是什么？把你的职业生涯视为一个攀登架。让你的周边视觉(peripheral vision)变得更加敏锐，寻找周围的机会，并转身去追逐这些机会。Facebook首席运营官谢丽尔•桑德伯格在她的畅销书《向前一步》(Lean In)第三章中，诚挚地赞扬我提出了“攀登架”这一概念。
3. Pick people over pay.Work with good people who are smarter than you are, so you can stay stimulated and learn everyday.
4. Do every job as if you were going to be doing it for the rest of your life.If you spend your time thinking about what you want to do next, you're not fully focused on your current assignment. And unless you focus, you won't compete successfully with people who are "all in."
5. Do the job that you're supposed to do, but think: What's not getting done?Always consider how you can contribute to the bigger whole -- and don't be afraid to stumble. I wrote a 1995 cover story called "So you fail, so what!" Today, recovering from failure is a badge of honor that bosses want to see in people they hire.
6. Be curious.Everyone you meet is worth learning from. People derail in their careers, studies show, when they stop learning. Yes, continual learning matters more than where you go to school or how many degrees you rack up.
7. Be nice to everyone.As you get older, you'll have fewer degrees of separation with more and more people. Who knows how someone who doesn't matter to you today might matter critically tomorrow? Don't burn any bridges. Build your bridges now to last forever.
7.善待每一个人。当你变老时，你就会跟越来越多的人拥有更少的分离度(degrees of separation)。谁知道哪一位今天对你不重要的人明天可能会变得极其重要？不要过河拆桥。现在就为你建造能够永存下去的桥梁。
8. Listen.Listen more than you talk. I was shy in high school. I'm still a closet introvert, but I'm a good conversationalist because I'm extraordinarily interested in people, I ask questions (sometimes too many) and I listen carefully. Listening to someone carefully is giving them a gift.
9. To lead, line up your followers.Leadership has no long-term value without followers on track to become as strong as you are. Show a generosity of spirit that makes people want to work with you, because they know you'll make them better.
10. Be honest and true.If people are in a foxhole with you, do they trust you to protect and help them? Make sure they do completely, by doing what you say you're going to do, always.
I closed my talk with wisdom from Warren Buffett, who told me during an interview last year how he defines success. The Berkshire Hathaway (BRKA) chief actually has two definitions: 1. Success is having what you want and wanting what you have. 2. Success is having the people whom you love love you. Isn't it reassuring that one of the wealthiest men in the universe doesn't equate success with money?
最后，我想跟大家分享一下沃伦•巴菲特的非凡智慧。去年接受我采访时，巴菲特阐述了一番他自己的成功观。这位伯克希尔哈撒韦公司(The Berkshire Hathaway)的掌门人实际上下了两个成功定义：1. 成功就是拥有你想要的东西，想要你拥有的东西。2. 成功就是让你爱的人爱你。是的，全球数一数二的超级富豪并没有把成功等同于金钱，这难道不足以打消你心中的疑虑吗？